Boarding Schools for Boys in Buffalo, New York…
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Buffalo is the second most populous city in the state of New York, after New York City. Located in Western New York on the eastern shores of Lake Erie and at the head of the Niagara River across from Fort Erie, Ontario, Buffalo is the seat of Erie CountyErie County Government: Overview. Erie County (New York) Government Home Page. Retrieved April 16, 2008.] and the principal city of the Buffalo-Niagara Falls metropolitan area, the largest in Upstate New York. Downtown Buffalo is located 17 miles (27 km) south of Niagara Falls and 100 miles (159 km) southeast of Toronto, Canada’s largest city. Additionally, Buffalo lies adjacent to the southeastern terminus of the Golden Horseshoe region of Southern Ontario, which contains more than 8.1 million people. Buffalo itself has a population of 261,310 (2010 Census) and the BuffaloNiagaraCattaraugus Combined Statistical Area is home to 1,215,826 residents.
Originating around 1789 as a small trading community near the eponymous Buffalo Creek, Buffalo grew quickly after the opening of the Erie Canal in 1825, with the city as its western terminus. By 1900, Buffalo was the 8th largest city in the United States,Table 1. Rank by Population of the 100 Largest Urban Places, Listed Alphabetically by State: 17901990. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved April 16, 2008. Dead link] and went on to become a major railroad hub,Early Railways in Buffalo. The Buffalonian. Retrieved April 16, 2008.] and the largest grain-milling center in the country.”Buffalo as a Flour Milling Center” by Laura O’Day. Economic Geography, Vol. 8, No. 1 (Jan., 1932), pp. 8193. Published by: Clark University.] The latter part of the 20th Century saw a reversal of fortunes: Great Lakes shipping was rerouted by the opening of the St. Lawrence Seaway, and steel mills and other heavy industry relocated to places such as China.Buffalo History. Buffalo History. Retrieved March 31, 2010.] With the start of Amtrak in the 1970s, Buffalo Central Terminal was also abandoned, and trains were rerouted to nearby Depew, New York (Buffalo-Depew) and Exchange Street Station. By 1990 the city had fallen back below its 1900 population levels.U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved March 31, 2010.]
Today, the region’s largest economic sectors are health care and education,Buffalo: Economy. City-Data.com. Retrieved March 31, 2010.] and these continue to grow despite the lagging national and worldwide economies.Economic Summary: Western New York Region. New York State Senate. Retrieved March 31, 2010.] This growth has been maintained, in part, by major expansions of the Buffalo Niagara Medical CampusBuffalo Niagara Medical Campus. Urban Design Project. Retrieved March 31, 2010.] and the University at Buffalo, The State University of New York.What is UB 2020?. University at Buffalo. Retrieved March 31, 2010.] The retail sector of Buffalo’s economy has remained strong throughout the economic recession due to additional revenue from Canadian shoppers who wish to take advantage of lower prices and taxes on the American side of the border. A recent study found Buffalo’s August 2011 unemployment rate to be 7.3%Buffalo-Niagara Falls, New York Unemployment from http://www.deptofnumbers.com/. www.deptofnumbers.com. Retrieved March 31, 2010.] In 2010, Forbes rated Buffalo the 10th best place to raise a family in America.